Developing Critical Thinking Methodologies Through Technology, Theory/Philosophy, and Space
John Dewey defines critical thinking as “reflective thinking” that is “active, persistent” and gives “careful consideration of a belief or supposed form of knowledge in the light of the grounds which support it and the further conclusions to which it tends.” Our panel believes some of Dewey's ideas about critical thinking still remain true. For instance, before we ask students to reflectively think about any external events, such as texts or current events, it is helpful to begin the process of “reflective thinking” with student’s personal lives, or "beliefs" as Dewey informs. For example, reflective thinking should be begin by asking students metacognitive questions, such as: what informs your thinking? What influences the stances you take in certain issues? What determines the specific approaches you take when faced with a problem? From where or who did you learn the thinking patterns you use? In this space, students could see more clearly how their thinking works to produce perspectives based on their experiences. From there, they could potentially begin to analyze texts in a more objective manner. Using the framework of metacognition and reflection to help build critical thinking strategies, our panel will focus on how various types of media/technologies, theories/philosophies, and learning spaces could help cultivate more effective and efficient critical thinking methodologies.
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